The world’s second most popular sport the Cricket game was originated in southeast England, invented by some kids in a village in the 16th century. For almost 100 years the cricket game was called a children’s game until it was taken up by the adults in the 17th century.
The word cricket was derived from the Middle Dutch phrase for hockey, met de (krik ket)sen which means “with the stick chase”. This was according to the European language expert Heiner Gillmeister. But few references say the word Cricket derived from the French word criquet meaning a wooden post.
The Evolution of Cricket Game.
Once the cricket game was taken up by the adults in the 17th century it has been updated to new rules and formats for many generations.
There is no evidence of 17th-century cricket game laws such as the length of the bat and pitch, overs, length of the wickets, etc. But in 1744 they have created the laws of cricket which are very similar to our present cricket game laws. Those laws were:
1. The pitch dimension length should be 22 yards.
2. Four balls per over
3.The ball weight should be between 5 and 6 ounces.
4. The stumps must be 22 inches high
5. The wicket-keeper must be still until the bowler bowls the ball
6. If the fielders did not appeal for wicket then the umpire should not give a batsman out.
The above-mentioned laws and codes were added by the members of Star and Garter Club who later in 1787 found Marylebone Cricket Club in Lords. In the 17th-century cricket game was introduced in North America by the British colonies.
In the 17th century, the cricket game was expanded in entire England.
In the 18th century, the cricket game was introduced in West Indies by British colonies and in India by the East India company. In Australia, this game arrived in 1788. This game has reached many countries through the British colonies.
In the early 19th century the cricket arrived in New Zealand and South Africa and many country clubs formed. The growth of cricket increased this time many were attended the cricket games the crowd started increasing for every match played.
In the 20th-century cricket game became the most popular game around the world. The imperial cricket conference was founded in 1909 which later became the International cricket conference in 1965. When the Imperial cricket conference was founded only England, Australia and South Africa were members in it. Later West Indies in 1928. New Zealand in 1930 and India in 1932 became the test nations and became members of ICC followed by Pakistan in 1952, Sri Lanka in 1982, Zimbabwe in 1992, Bangladesh in 2000, Ireland, and Afghanistan in 2018.
The cricket games have evolved with many rules and formats from children’s games early in the 16th century to IPL. From 4 balls per over to 6 balls per over. The new formats were introduced from 60 over each side of match, 40, 45, and finally to 50 overs match and then the new age cricket 20 over match. IPL was started in 2007 from then it has increased much speculation which benefits the future of the cricket game.