Che Guevara was a Physician, Author, Biker, a guerrilla war leader. In this generation, Che Guevara is still the most-popular icon among many world leaders. He is well known as a communist who played a crucial role in the Cuban revolution. Many of us think that he was born in Cuba since he fought for the Cuban people, but he was born in South America.
“Every day People straighten up the hair, why not the heart?”― Che Guevara
Che Guevara’s Early Life.
Che Guevara’s real name was Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna. He was born on 14th June 1928 in a middle-class family in Argentina. His parents are Ernesto Guevara Lynch and Celia de la Serna y Llosa. Che father declared that “the first thing to note is that in my son’s veins flowed the blood of the Irish rebels.” referring to Che’s restless nature.
Che early his childhood attracted towards politics and had an affinity toward the poor. Che Guevara was grown in a leftists family. Che father was a supporter of Republicans from the Spanish Civil War.
Che had a severe asthma problem despite that he excelled as an athlete, enjoying swimming, football, golf, and shooting. He was an aggressive player in a rugby game and played at fly-half for Club Universitario de Buenos Aires.
If any film lovers are reading this article, I suggest they watch The Motorcycle Diaries movie released in 2004.
Che in 1948 entered in University of Buenos Aires to study medicine. He was very excited about exploring the world. In 1950 he installed an engine on a bicycle and went for a solo trip through the rural provinces of northern Argentina, covered a 4,500-kilometer distance.
For the second time, he went through part of South America on a continental motorcycle covered 8,000 kilometer distance.
Later he took a year break in studies and decided to travel across South America with his friend Alberto Granado on Norton 500 motorcycle.
They desire to see as much of Latin America as they can, more than 14,000 kilometers in just four and a half months.
This motorcycle journey made a medical student into a guerrilla war leader.
In their journey, they found poverty in many places and the hard life of mining workers. At the Atacama Desert, these two friends met a communist couple who did not even own a blanket, describing them as ” the shivering flesh-and-blood victims of capitalist exploitation. “
On the way to Machu Picchu high in the Andes, Che’s heart became heavier watching the crushing poverty of the remote rural areas, where peasant farmers worked small plots of land owned by wealthy landlords.
Noting all those experiences, he wrote a book titled The Motorcycle Diaries. They ended the trip by covering almost entire South American places. After returning to Argentina, he completed his studies and received his medical degree in June 1953, making him officially “Dr. Ernesto Guevara.”
This journey transformed into a new Che Guevara who saw the poverty and suppression, later made him leave medicine and took a violent warpath.
Che Guevara in Mexico
On 21st September 1954, Che Guevara arrived in Mexico to work at the Hospital Infantil de Mexico. He met Hilda, who was a communist, introduced few Cuban rebels to Che Guevara. Later they married and had a daughter Hilda Guevara.
Che wants to work as a Doctor in Africa to help the poor people.
Che Guevara meeting with Raul Castro
During his day in Mexico as a doctor, he renewed his friendship with Ñico López and the other Cuban exiles whom he had met in Guatemala.
In June, Lopez introduced Che to Raul Castro (served as President of Cuba 2008–2018). Later, Raul Castro introduced Che to his brother Fidel Castro (served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and President from 1976 to 2008) revolutionary leader who was fighting against the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista on Cuba. Che Guevara joined with Fidel Castro and soon became the second in command and leader of the guerrilla campaign.
“The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall.”– Che Guevara
To free Cuba from the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, Fidel Castro choose armed revolt against the Fulgencio Batista army. Che Guevara gave medical support to his wounded comrades in the guerrilla war against the Batista’s military.
During the war with Batista’s military, Che hidden in the forest and mountains nearby villages. There he saw poverty, no school, no electricity. As the war continued, Che became the second command and built a very close friendship and trust with Fidel Castro.
The revolution by Fidel Castro in Cuba began in July 1953 and continued sporadically until the rebels finally ousted Batista on 31st December 1958.
Che played a very crucial role in war plans and the execution of Batista’s army. By replacing the Batista government, Fidel Castro served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba and also served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976.
Che Guevara Death in Bolivia
“Let the world change you and you can change the world”– Che Guevara
Fidel Castro offered high positions in his party to Che Guevara but, he denied it. Che Guevara worked for the newly elected party. Che gave valuable suggestions to Fidel Castro he even traveled to other countries for Cuba development.
Che went to Bolivia in 1966 to create and lead a guerilla group. On October 9th, 1967 Che Guevara was captured and killed by the Bolivian army led by the CIA.
Che Guevara’s last words were “I know you’ve come to kill me,”. “Shoot, you are only going to kill a man.”
“The true revolutionary is guided by great feelings of love.”– Che Guevara